This makes Unicamp the top Brazilian institution in ISI\WoS-indexed scientific output on a per capita basis, contributing about 8% of the total Brazilian output in 2009. In the last dozen years, the number of faculty members has slightly decreased. However, the scientific output has more than quadrupled since 1995 (see figure below).
Leading faculty members from Unicamp head nine National Institutes of Science and Technology, large national scientific endeavors bringing together researchers from many different institutions throughout Brazil. Furthermore, Unicamp keeps strong and long-standing collaborations with major state and private companies in the country. As a result, the University filed 52 patent applications in Brazil in 2009 and other 12 through the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), the international system managed by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Five of the 50 technologies it has licensed so far have already generated commercial products in the Brazilian market.
Financial support for research activities comes from several sources, including State and Federal funding agencies, public and private companies, international institutions as well as from its own budget. The gross amount has experienced a significant increase in the last decade (see figure below).